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Keyboard Shortcuts Cheat-Sheet

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General Shortcuts

ActionWindowsMac OSKDE / GNOMEEmacs
File menuAlt+F, or F10 then FCtrl+F2, then F (requires full keyboard access active, using System Preferences > Keyboard > Keyboard Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All Controls. Alternatively use Ctrl+F7 to toggle this setting.)Alt+FMeta+`, then f
Edit menuAlt+ECtrl+F2, then EAlt+EMeta+`, then e
View menuAlt+VCtrl+F2, then VAlt+V
Undo the last operationCtrl+Z, or Alt+← Backspace Cmd+ZCtrl+ZCtrl+x, then u
or Ctrl+/
or Ctrl+_
or Undo
Redo the last operationCtrl+Y, or Shift+Alt+← Backspace Shift+ Cmd+Z Shift+Ctrl+Z, or Ctrl+YSame as undo, when undo is exhausted, it redoes. Move the cursor after one or more undos, and further undos will be redos.
Cut the selection and store it in the clipboardCtrl+X, or Shift+Del Cmd+XCtrl+XCtrl+w
Copy the selection into the clipboardCtrl+C, or Ctrl+Ins Cmd+CCtrl+CMeta+w, or Ctrl+Ins
Paste contents of clipboard at cursorCtrl+V, or Shift+Ins Cmd+VCtrl+VCtrl+y, or Shift+Ins, or
Paste specialCtrl+Alt+V Shift+ Opt+ Cmd+VCtrl+ Shift+VMeta+y
Select all in focused control or windowCtrl+A Cmd+ACtrl+ACtrl+x, then h
Cycle through installed keyboard languages / input methods Shift+Alt, or Win+Space
The latter displays a menu with the currently selected input method highlighted, and debuted in Windows 8.
Cmd+Space (not MBR)
Configure desired keypress in Keyboard and Mouse Preferences, Keyboard Shortcuts, Select the next source in Input menu.
Ctrl+Alt+K via KDE Keyboard
Shift+Alt in GNOME

Navigation Shortcuts

ActionWindowsMac OSKDE/GNOME
New browser window with same page as currentCtrl+N (for both explorer.exe and iexplore.exe)Ctrl+N
New folderCtrl+ Shift+N Shift+ Cmd+NCtrl+ Shift+N
Applications menu Win or
Alt + "n"
e.g. for _File_ Alt + F
Lock desktop Win+LCtrl+ Shift+Eject or MBR Ctrl+ Shift+Pwr
(If "Require password after sleep or screen saver" is enabled in "System Preferences — Security & Privacy")
Show desktop Win+D or
Win+M (then use Win+ Shift+M to bring back all windows)
Log out user Shift+ Cmd+QCtrl+Alt+Delete
Switch active user Win+L
Task managerCtrl+ Shift+Esc, Ctrl+Alt+DeleteAlt+ Cmd+EscCtrl+Esc
Rename objectF2 Enter or F2F2
Open file or program Enter Cmd+O Enter
Switch window (next/previous)Alt+Tab /
Cmd+Tab /
Shift+ Cmd+Tab
Alt+Tab /
Alt+ Shift+Tab
Switch window without dialog (next/previous)Alt+Esc /
Only works within single Applications
Cmd+` / Cmd+~
Alt+Esc /
Run application Win, enter executable name or
Win+R, enter executable name
Cmd+Space, enter executable nameAlt+F2, enter executable name
Search Win, enter executable name or
Cmd+Space /

Power Management Shortcuts

ActionWindowsMac OSKDE / GNOME
Place computer into sleep/standby modeSleep (available on some keyboards, configurable in Control Panel → Power Options → Advanced tab dialog box) Opt+ Cmd+EjectSleep (available on some keyboards, configurable in Control Panel → Power Options → Advanced tab dialog box)
Shutdown computerCtrl+ Opt+ Cmd+Eject
(no confirmation, shutdown is immediate)
Ctrl+Alt+ Shift+PageDown
(KDE; no confirmation, shutdown is immediate)
Restart computerCtrl+ Cmd+Eject
(no confirmation, restart is immediate)
Ctrl+Alt+ Shift+PageUp
(KDE; no confirmation, restart is immediate)
Place display in sleep modeCtrl+ Shift+Eject
Bring up power/sleep dialog boxAlt+F4 (while on Desktop only)Ctrl+Eject


ActionWindowsMac OSKDE / GNOME
Save screenshot of entire screen as file Win+Print Screen or Print Screen Shift+ Cmd+3Print Screen set the name and click "Save". GNOME Shell 
Copy screenshot of entire screen to clipboardPrint Screen or Ctrl+Print ScreenCtrl+ Shift+ Cmd+3Print Screen click "Copy to Clipboard". GNOME Shell 
Save screenshot of window as file Shift+ Cmd+4 then SpaceAlt+Print Screen set the name and click "Save". GNOME 
Copy screenshot of window to clipboardAlt+Print ScreenCtrl+ Shift+ Cmd+4 then SpaceAlt+Print Screen click "Copy to Clipboard". GNOME 
Copy screenshot of arbitrary area to clipboardCtrl+ Shift+ Cmd+4
Save screenshot of arbitrary area as file Shift+ Cmd+4
ScreencastingCtrl+ Shift+Alt+R

Text Editing

ActionWindowsMac OSKDE / GNOMEEmacsVim
Delete char to the right of cursorDel or Fn+← BackspaceDel, or Ctrl+d, or Fn+← BackspaceDelCtrl+dx
Delete word to the right of cursorCtrl+Del Opt+Del or
Opt+ Fn+← Backspace
Delete word to the left of cursorCtrl+← Backspace Opt+← BackspaceCtrl+← BackspaceCtrl+← Backspace, or Meta+← Backspacedb
Go to start of lineHome, or Fn+ Cmd+ or Ctrl+AHomeCtrl+a, or Home0
Go to end of lineEnd, or Fn+ Cmd+ or Ctrl+EEndCtrl+e, or End$
Go to start of documentCtrl + Home Cmd+Ctrl + HomeMeta+<, or Ctrl+Homegg
Go to end of documentCtrl + End Cmd+Ctrl + EndMeta+>, or Ctrl+EndG
Go to previous wordCtrl+ Opt+Ctrl+Meta+b, or Ctrl+, or Meta+b
Go to next wordCtrl+ Opt+Ctrl+Meta+f, or Ctrl+, or Meta+w
Go to previous line, or Ctrl+pCtrl+p, or k
Go to next line, or Ctrl+nCtrl+n, or j
Go to previous line break (paragraph)Ctrl+ Opt+Ctrl+ (kword or GNOME)Meta+'{', or Control+{
Go to next line breakCtrl+ Opt+Ctrl+ (kword or GNOME)Meta+'}', or Control+}
Move the cursor down the length of the viewportPage DownFn+Page Down
Move the cursor up the length of the viewportPage UpFn+Page Up
FindCtrl+F Cmd+F
Cmd+E (Search with current selection)
Ctrl+K (GNOME; interactive search)
Go to next search resultF3 Cmd+GCtrl+G (GNOME) or F3 (KDE)Ctrl+sn
Go to previous search result Shift+F3 Shift+ Cmd+G Shift+Ctrl+G (GNOME) or Shift+F3 (KDE)Ctrl+rN
Search and replaceCtrl+H Cmd+FCtrl+H (GNOME) or Ctrl+R (KDE)Meta+%%s/fosh/fish/gc
Search with a regular expressionCtrl+Meta+sAll search uses regular expressions.
Search and replace with a regular expressionCtrl+Meta+%,

Text Formatting

ActionWindowsMac OSKDE / GNOME[11]EmacsVim
BoldCtrl+B Cmd+BCtrl+B
UnderlineCtrl+U Cmd+UCtrl+U
ItalicCtrl+I Cmd+ICtrl+I
Uppercase / Lowercase Shift+F3 Opt+ Cmd+C Shift+F3Meta+u for upper,
Meta+l for lower, Meta+c for capitalized.
gU for upper, gu for lower, ~ to toggle.
SuperscriptCtrl+ Shift++Ctrl+ Cmd++ (Pages and Adobe Applications only?)Ctrl+ Shift+P[12]
SubscriptCtrl+=Ctrl+ Cmd+- (Pages and Adobe Applications only?)Ctrl+ Shift+B[12]
Make selected text larger/smallerCtrl+ Shift+>/Ctrl+ Shift+<,
Make selected text bulleted or Numbered ItemsCtrl+ Shift+L

Browsers / Go menu

ActionWindowsMac OSKDE / GNOME
Go to Address BarAlt+D or Alt+C
depending on language
Cmd+LCtrl+L or Alt+D or F6
Go to the previous location in historyAlt+ or ← Backspace Cmd+[ or Cmd+Alt+
Go to the next location in historyAlt+ or Shift+← Backspace (web browser only) Cmd+] or Cmd+Alt+
Go up one level in the navigation hierarchyAlt+ (Vista, 7 or 8 only) or ← Backspace (Windows Explorer) Cmd+Alt+
Go to the starting page defined by the user or applicationAlt+Home Cmd+HomeCtrl+Home (KDE) /
Alt+Home (GNOME)

Web browsers

ActionWindowsMac OSKDE / GNOMEEmacs-w3m
Bookmarks menuCtrl+B Cmd+B (Firefox)Alt+Bv
URL Shortcuts (Adds www. + .com)Ctrl+ Enter Cmd+ Enter (Firefox) or
Control+ Enter (Chrome)
Ctrl+ Enter
URL Shortcuts (Adds www. + .org)Ctrl+ Shift+ Enter Shift+ Cmd+ Enter (Firefox)Ctrl+ Shift+ Enter
URL Shortcuts (Adds www. + .net) Shift + Enter Shift + Enter (Firefox) Shift + Enter
Add bookmark for current pageCtrl+D Cmd+DCtrl+B /
Add bookmark for current linkMeta+a
Manage bookmarksCtrl+B Cmd+ Opt+B (Chrome/Safari) or
Cmd+ Shift+B (Firefox)
Ctrl+ Shift+R /
Focus and select Web search barCtrl+E Cmd+E (Opera) or
Cmd+K (Firefox) or
Opt+ Cmd+F (Safari)
Focus and select address barCtrl+L or F6 or Alt+D Cmd+LCtrl+L or Alt+D or F6g s
Refresh a webpageF5 or Ctrl+R Cmd+RF5 or Ctrl+RR
Refresh a webpage ignoring cacheCtrl+ Shift+F5 or Ctrl+ Shift+R Cmd+ Shift+RCtrl+ Shift+F5 or Ctrl+ Shift+R
Open a new windowCtrl+N Cmd+N (Chrome)Ctrl+N
Zoom Options (zoom in / zoom out / zoom 100%)Ctrl++ / Ctrl+- / Ctrl+0 Cmd++ / Cmd+- / Cmd+0Ctrl++ / Ctrl+- / Ctrl+0

Tab Management

ActionWindowsMac OSKDE / GNOMEEmacs-w3m
New tabCtrl+T Cmd+TCtrl+ Shift+N or Ctrl+ Shift+T or Ctrl+TCtrl+c, then Ctrl+t
Close tabCtrl+W Cmd+WCtrl+W Mozilla Firefox  & Opera  & Chrom{e,ium}  & Arora  & Epiphany  & Midori
Ctrl+F4 Mozilla Firefox  & Opera  & Chrom{e,ium}  & Arora 
Close all tabs but the current one Cmd+ Opt+t (Safari)Ctrl+c, then Meta+w
Go to next tabCtrl+Tab Control+Tab or Cmd+ Shift+ (Safari)Ctrl+PageDown or Ctrl+Tab or Ctrl+.Ctrl+c, then Ctrl+n
Go to previous tabCtrl+ Shift+Tab Shift+Control+Tab or Cmd+ Shift+ (Safari)Ctrl+PageUp or Ctrl+ Shift+Tab or Ctrl+,Ctrl+c, then Ctrl+p
Go to tab-nCtrl+n (Chrome/Firefox/Internet Explorer) Cmd+n (Chrome)Alt+n (Chrome/Firefox) or
Ctrl+n '(Chrome)
Open a previously closed tabCtrl+ Shift+T Cmd+ Shift+T (Firefox/Opera/Chrome)Ctrl+ Shift+T (Firefox/Opera/Chrome)Ctrl+ Shift+T (Firefox)
Open a previously closed windowCtrl+ Shift+N (Firefox)

Window management

ActionWindowsMac OSKDEGNOMEEmacs
Pop up window menuAlt+SpaceAlt+F3Alt+SpaceCtrl+`, then b
Close the focused windowAlt+F4 or Ctrl+F4 or Ctrl+W or Alt+Space then C Cmd+WAlt+F4Alt+F4Ctrl+x, then k
Restore the focused window to its previous sizeAlt+Space then RAlt+F3 then XAlt+F5Ctrl+x, then r, then j, then letter of the window state register.
Move the focused windowAlt+Space then M then Arrow Keys and Enter(to save location)Alt+Mouse /
Alt+F3 then M then Arrow Keys
Alt+Mouse /
Alt+F7 then Arrow Keys
Resize the focused windowAlt+Space then S then Arrow KeysAlt+F3 then S then Arrow KeysAlt+F8 then Arrow KeysCtrl+x, then ^ vertically
Hide the focused window Cmd+HMeta+x, then bury-buffer RET, then Ret
Hide all except the focused window Cmd+ Option+H
Lower the focused windowAlt+Esc
Minimize the focused windowAlt+Space then N, or Win+ (Windows 7 and Vista Home Premium) Cmd+MAlt+F3 then NAlt+F9Meta+x, then bury-buffer RET, then Ret
Maximize the focused windowAlt+Space then X, or Win+ (Windows 7 and Windows 8) Cmd+LAlt+F3 then XAlt+F10Ctrl+x, then 1
Maximize horizontallyAvailable, but no defaultAvailable, but no default
Maximize vertically Win+ Shift+ (Windows 7 and Windows 8)Available ('Zoom'), but no defaultAvailable, but no defaultAvailable, but no default
Minimize all Win+M or Win+D Cmd+Alt+MAvailable, but no defaultCtrl+Alt+D
Minimize all non focused windows Win+Home (Windows 7 and Windows 8.1)Available, but no default
Undo minimize all Shift+ Win+MAvailable, but no defaultCtrl+Alt+D
Switch fullscreen/normal sizeF11 Cmd+ Shift+FF11F11
Show the window in full screen mode, with no border, menubar, toolbar or statusbarDepends on application, system default: Cmd+CTRL+FCtrl+ Shift+FCtrl+F11
Rollup/down windowAvailable, but no defaultAlt+F12
Show all open windows Win+Tab F9 or
Move mouse pointer to configured hot corner or active screen corner
Win works per desktop on Gnome 3+Ctrl+x, then Ctrl+b
Show all windows of current applicationF3 or
Move mouse pointer to configured hot corner or active screen corner
Ctrl+`Ctrl+x, then Ctrl+b
Show all workspacesF8 or
Move mouse pointer to configured hot corner or active screen corner
Win then mouse over the desktop bar on the right edge of the screen
Move window to left/right/up/down workspace Win+/ (Windows 7 and Windows 8)Available, but no defaultCtrl+Alt+ Shift+
/ / /
Move window between multiple monitors Win+ Shift+/ (Windows 7 and Windows 8)
Move window to workspace nAvailable, but no default
Switch to next/previous workspace listAvailable, but no default
Go to workspace nCtrl+nCtrl+Fn
Go to left/right/up/down workspace
Ctrl+ /
Ctrl+ / Ctrl+ / Ctrl+ (OS X 10.5 to 10.6), Ctrl+ / Ctrl+ (OS X 10.7)
Ctrl+Alt+ /
/ /
Quit application of current windowAlt+F4 or Ctrl+F4 varies Cmd+QCtrl+Alt+Escq
Close dialogEscEsc
Open/Focus (preview) pinned program on the taskbar Win+(#) where "#" is the position of the program on the Windows Taskbar (Windows 7 and Windows 8.1)
Open new program window of pinned program in Quick Launch Win+(#) where "#" is the position of the program on the Quick Launch toolbar (Windows Vista, 7 and 8.1)
Open new program window of the pinned program on the taskbar (if program is already opened) Win+ Shift+(#) where "#" is the position of the program on the Windows Taskbar (Windows 7 and Windows 8.1)
Focus the first taskbar entry. Pressing again will cycle through them Win+T, you can back and forth. Hold Shift to cycle backwards (Windows 7 and Windows 8.1)
Peek at the desktop Win+Space (Windows 7 only)F11 or
Move mouse pointer to configured hot corner or active screen corner
Bring gadgets to the front of the Z-order and cycle between gadgets Win+G (Windows Vista,7) or Win+Space (Vista only, no cycling)
External display options (mirror, extend desktop, etc.) Win+P (Windows 7 and Windows 8)

User Interface Navigation, Widgets and Controls

ActionWindowsMac OSKDEGNOME
Moves keyboard focus to next/previous controlTab / Shift+Tab With full keyboard access active (System Preferences > Keyboard > Keyboard Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All Controls)
Tab / Shift+Tab
Tab / Shift+Tab Tab / Shift+Tab
Ctrl+Tab / Shift+Ctrl+Tab
Pop up tooltip for currently focused control Shift+F1Ctrl+F1
Show context-sensitive help for currently focused window or control Shift+F1 Cmd+? Shift+F1 Shift+F1
Give focus to next/previous paneCtrl+F6 / Alt+F6 Cmd+`F6 / Shift+F6
Give focus to splitter bar in paned windowF8
Give focus to window's menu barF10 or Alt Cmd+ Shift+/, then type command name, or
Ctrl+F2 (or Fn+Ctrl+F2 on some keyboards - requires full keyboard access active using System Preferences > Keyboard > Keyboard Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All Controls))
Pop up contextual menu for currently selected objects (aka context menu) Shift+F10 or MenuVaries with laptop / extended keyboard type; enable Mouse keys in Universal Access, then Function+Ctrl+5 or Ctrl+5 (numeric keypad) or Function+Ctrl+i (laptop) Menu Menu or Shift+F10
Toggle selected state of focused checkbox, radio button, or toggle buttonSpaceSpaceSpaceSpace
Activate focused button, menu item etc. EnterSpace (also Enter for menu items) Enter Enter
Select/move to first/last item in selected widgetHome / EndHome / End
Scroll selected view by one page up/left/down/right /
(or Fn+}+Fn+ on some keyboards)
PageUp / Ctrl+PageUp /
PageDown / Ctrl+PageDown
Scroll selected view to top/bottom or on MacBook Pro Fn + Opt +
or on MacBook Pro Fn + Opt +
Switch focus to the next/previous tab within a windowCtrl+Tab Ctrl+Tab /
Ctrl+Tab ->
Ctrl+ Shift+Tab <-
Switch focus to the next/previous panel on the desktopCtrl+Alt+Tab / Shift+Ctrl+Alt+Tab
Switch focus to the next/previous panel (without dialog)Ctrl+Alt+Esc /

Command line shortcuts

ActionMicrosoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
(Windows PowerShell)
Unix/Linux/Mac OS X
Unix/Linux/Mac OS X
(POSIX shell)
Scroll through History of typed commands/// or Ctrl+P/Ctrl+NESC K / ESC J
Signal end-of-fileCtrl+ZCtrl+D
Abort current command/typingCtrl+CCtrl+CCtrl+CCtrl+C
Erase word to the leftCtrl+← BackspaceCtrl+W
Erase word to the rightCtrl+DeleteAlt+D
Erase line to the leftCtrl+HomeCtrl+HomeCtrl+U
Erase line to the rightCtrl+EndCtrl+EndCtrl+K
Yank/paste previously erased stringCtrl+Y
Move one word to the left (backward)Ctrl+Alt+Alt+B
Move one word to the right (forward)Ctrl+Alt+Alt+F
Move to beginning of lineHomeHomeCtrl+A
or Home
Move to end of lineEndEndCtrl+E
or End
Reverse search of historyF8F8Ctrl+R
Stop execution of the current jobCtrl+Z
Insert the next character typed verbatimCtrl+V
Autocomplete command/file nameTab (enabled by default in Windows XP and later)Tab Tab (usually once)Esc (usually twice)
Paste contents of clipboard at cursor Shift+Ins
Scroll window up Shift+PageUp (may not work in some versions of Windows XP) Shift+PageUp
Scroll window down Shift+PageDown (may not work in some versions of Windows XP) Shift+PageDown


ActionWindowsMac OSKDEGNOME
Utility Manager Win+U
Use keyboard to control cursor(Left Alt+Left Shift+Numlock
Allow user to press shortcuts one key at a time( Shift 5 times)***( Shift 5 times) 
Hear beep when -lock key pressed(Numlock for 5 seconds)
Stop/slow repeating characters when key is pressed(Right Shift for 8 seconds)***( Shift for 8 seconds)

Inverse (Reverse Colors) ModeLeft Alt+Left Shift+PrtScn Cmd+ Opt+Ctrl+8Meta+ Shift+i (if enabled)
Inverse (Reverse Colors) Mode (Only current window)Meta+ Shift+u (if enabled)

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